Army of the South

Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, Commanding

Unit Participation by State

Battle of Bentonville, N.C., March 19-21, 1865

Color Code

  • RedArmy of Tennessee
  • GreenDepartment of North Carolina/Army of Northern Virginia
  • PurpleDepartment of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida


  • Infantry: 1st, 16th, 17th, 19th, 20th, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 27th, 29th, 30th, 31st, 34th, 35th, 37th, 39th, 40th, 42nd, 46th, 49th, 50th, 54th, 55th, 57th
  • Cavalry: 1st, 3rd, 9th, 12th, 24th Battalion, 51st, 53rd


  • Infantry: 1st, 1st Mounted Rifles (Dismounted), 2nd, 2nd Mounted Rifles (Dismounted), 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 13th, 15th, 19th, 24th, 25th
  • Cavalry: 3rd


  • Infantry: 1st, 1st Cavalry (Dismounted), 3rd, 4th, 6th, 7th


  • Infantry: 1st Regulars, 1st Vols., 1st Battalion Sharpshooters, 2nd Battalion Reserves, 2nd Battalion Sharpshooters, 3rd Battalion, 4th Battalion Sharpshooters, 5th, 5th Reserves, 6th, 6th Reserves, 19th, 22nd Battalion, 23rd, 25th, 27th, 27th Battalion, 28th, 28th Battalion, 29th, 30th, 32nd, 34th, 36th, 37th, 39th, 40th, 41st, 42nd, 43rd, 46th, 47th, 52nd, 54th, 56th, 57th, 63rd, 65th, 66th
  • Artillery: Hanleiter's Battalion
  • Cavalry: 5th, 10th, Cobb's Legion, Phillips' Legion


  • Cavalry: 1st, 2nd, 2nd Mounted Infantry, 4th Mounted Infantry, 5th Mounted Infantry, 6th Mounted Infantry, 9th, 9th Mounted Infantry


  • Infantry: 12th
  • Artillery: LeGardeur's Battery


  • Infantry: 1st, 1st Battalion, 3rd, 6th, 8th, 14th, 15th, 20th, 22nd, 23rd, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 40th, 43rd
  • Cavalry: Jeff Davis Legion

North Carolina

  • Infantry: 1st Battalion Hvy. Art. (a.k.a. 9th Battalion)*, 8th, 10th Battalion*, 13th Battalion Light Art. (D, Adams')*, 17th, 20th Battalion Junior Reserves, 31st, 36th*, 40th*, 42nd, 50th, 51st, 58th, 60th, 61st, 66th, 70th (1st Junior Reserves), 71st (2nd Junior Reserves), 72nd (3rd Junior Reserves), 77th (7th Senior Reserves)
  • Artillery: 13th Battalion Light (B, Atkins'; E, Dickson's)

South Carolina

  • Infantry: 1st, 1st Battalion Reserves, 2nd, 2nd Battalion Reserves, 3rd, 3rd Battalion, 6th Battalion Reserves, 7th, 7th Battalion, 7th Battalion Reserves, 8th, 10th, 11th, 15th, 16th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 24th, 25th, 27th, Kay's Co. Reserves (?)
  • Artillery: 1st Heavy, 2nd Heavy, Beaufort Light (Stuart's Battery), Earle's Battery, Hart's (Halsey's) Battery, Gist Guard Artillery, Lucas' Battalion
  • Cavalry: 4th, 5th, 6th


  • Infantry: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 8th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 15th, 16th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 23rd Battalion, 24th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 35th, 37th, 38th, 41st, 42nd, 45th, 46th, 47th, 48th, 49th, 51st, 52nd, 53rd, 55th, 154th
  • Cavalry: 1st, 2nd, 4th, 4th (McLemore's), 5th, 9th Battalion, 13th, Shaw's Battalion


  • Infantry: 6th, 7th, 10th, 15th, 17th, 18th, 24th, 25th,
  • Cavalry: 8th, 11th


  • Infantry: 54th, 63rd


  • Infantry: 1st, 3rd, 5th
  • Cavalry: 3rd, 8th, 10th

*The "Red Infantry." Artillery units from the Cape Fear coastal garrisons that fought as infantry at Bentonville.

The Army of Tennessee units at Bentonville were severely depleted, and many were consolidated. Some regiments were stronger than others—and each unit listed above had, at the very least, a token presence on the battlefield. See Orders of Battle.

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